a. Decision fatigue:
Decision fatigue is when you get very tired from making so many decisions that you start making poor ones. The more choices you have to make, the harder they become and then you start looking for easy way outs, leading to poor choices such as recklessness or acting impulsive instead of thinking through the consequences of the decision.
Ego depletion is a term used to explain one’s will power or self-control. When they have to use their self- control, it makes it harder to control themselves later on. For example, if someone were told not to eat chocolate, because they are controlling themselves at that time, they would be weaker if they were asked to do something else later on.
b. I think that the most interesting example was about glucose. Our bodies and brains get energy from glucose which is the sugar found in many sweets and foods. When experiments using lemonade mixed with sugar or diet sweetener was used, they realized that it tasted the same as glucose but didn’t have the same effect on the brain. This meant that people were able to have more self-control, which improved decision-making. Through this experiment, skeptics and researchers found out why glucose was able to cause ego depletion. When glucose is low in the body, the brain works on some parts and doesn’t on other parts. This can cause irrational and quick decision making instead of paying attention to the long-term consequences of a decision. This is the reason why dieting is hard test of self-control. Dieters need a lot of self-control not to eat and as they resist certain foods, it takes out their willpower, but to regain their willpower, they need glucose and need to eat, which makes dieting such a hard task. This is an interesting example because it is easily relatable.
c. This relates to economics because all businessmen and economists have to constantly make decisions. Each day companies and people need to come up with ideas on how they are going to make a profit, which is their main goal. As they make more decisions, it could be possible that they suffer from ego depletion or decision fatigue, which could cause loss to the company. However, if they are careful about the choices they make and are always aware of the long-term consequences, their company could be very successful.
d. In the past year, I have tried to go on diets but realize that they never work for me. Every time I use self control to resist eating something, the more tired I get and the less I am able to make decisions and think straight. When this happens, it can cause decision fatigue and the decisions I make can be very silly because I am too tired to make up my mind. Also, after dieting, I am no longer able to have willpower against the food I wasn’t able to eat before which causes ego depletion. The same goes for shopping. If I have shopped for a very long time, by the end of the day, I can’t make any more decisions and my judgment starts to become worse and worse. Through this article, I think that I have learned to use my self-control to a certain point. I should use it when necessary, but should not push myself too much so I can still make good decisions.