Monthly Archives: April 2011

Tuesday, April 26

Overall, I think that the table tennis unit was fun. First of all, I learned the proper ready position, as shown in the picture below.

My knees are bent and my arm is extended out so that I am ready to receive the ball. Also, I am putting my weight on the balls of my feet (not too much though) and this way I am ready around to move to hit the ping pong ball.

I was also really able to improve my serves and shots. I never realized that my serves were illegal. I never threw the ball 6 inches before I served, however this unit I learned that I have to in order for my serve to be legal so I was able to improve this. Also, my serves used to bounce very high but now I able to get my serves to go low consistently and most importantly, I am able to serve consistently. I have also improved my defensive shots such as the push shot. This shot has been extremely helpful because every time my opponent smashes the ball or spins it, using this shot, I am often able to receive the shot and send it back to the other side instead of loosing a point. I am also able to smash the ball several times. Though it is not very consistent, I am able to do it most of the times and sometimes I am able to keep it low so that it is hard for the opponent to hit the ball back to me as well. Lastly, I am still struggling with my spin shots. I am sometimes able to spin the ball, but it is not consistent. It goes to random spots on the table and sometimes completely off the table.

The activities in class have also been very helpful. At first, we were allowed to choose who we wanted to challenge. However we started to play people that we have never played before. I think that this was useful because I was able to play people with different skill levels and improve my own techniques by watching them. I also learned the proper technique of playing doubles which is where each partner has to alternate hitting the ball. This way each person can make sure they are hitting the ball and not just having one partner hit the ball each time. I am glad that I learned table tennis this year because it was very fun and educational experience.

Mega City Coastal Patterns

Location

LA, New York, Mumbai, jakarta, and Rio are all located far away from each other but after watching many presentations for these countries, I realized that they have a lot in common. Firstly, they are all located on the coast and this location has both advantages and disadvantages for these countries.

Population

Each country has two populations, one of the city itself and the other that is the metropolitan population. The metropolitan population is almost always around double the city population and is always over 10 million people. In LA, the city population is around 10 million while the metropolitan is around 17 million. In New York, the city population is around 8 million while the metropolitan is around 19 million. In Mumbai, the city population is around 13 million while the metropolitan is around 21 million. In Jakarta, the city population is around 9.5 million while the metropolitan is around 18.5 million. Lastly, in Rio the city population is around 6 million while the metropolitan is around 10 million. The metropolitan population is not double the city population, so Rio is an anomaly to this pattern. 

Population Development

For each of these countries, the population has developed because of settlements. LA first had 50 settlers but after the California Gold Rush, the population increased dramatically to what it is today. New York’s population increased because of Dutch fur trading which caused European settlement. Mumbai’s population increased exponentially since the late 1800s and mid 1950s. Jakarta’s population increased with immigrants that escaped poverty in the Java Islands (1.6 million a year). Lastly, Rio ‘s population developed 1.28 % a year with settlements.

Historical and Current Significance of Coast

There are many reasons why the coast was significantly important for these countries. The coasts are very important for trade because having ports are an easy way to transport and trade products without extra costs. They are also important for industries and markets such as the fish markets in LA that help it economically. It’s important for resource extraction such as mineral extraction in Rio. Rio replaced Salvador as the main city for mineral extraction in 1763 because of the many resources found in this country as it is located on a coast. Lastly, because of being located near beaches and coasts, these countries have also attracted a lot of tourism and settlements. All these reasons are still true today for the important of the coast in these countries. They are still very important for mineral extraction, tourism, settlement, transportation, trade, and industries.

Current Coastal Problems

There are many coastal problems for these countries. Because they are located near coasts, the rising sea level can really impact them. It causes floods and other disasters such as natural disasters, which will still go on in the future. Also, many of the countries are affected by extreme amounts of rainfall which also cause flooding and landslides. In Jakarta, clogged sewage systems and waterways are also a coastal issue.

Future Coastal Problems

Rising sea level will still be a problem in the future. It will continue to cause flooding and natural disasters. Also, it will worsen with climate change. Also, coastal erosion can be a problem because it can cause property to be lost or to be moved before it gets knocked down by water. Also, it can cause more waterways and sewage systems to be clogged and it may contaminate water.

Thursday, April 21

Today, we finished up our doubles tournament. I think that the double tournament was a lot of fun. Though me and Subin did not come first or second, I had a lot of fun playing with her and others because watching the techniques of others in table tennis helped me improve mine and also it gives me a chance to interact with other people. Also, choosing who to play randomly, in my opinion, is better than picking ourselves because I am not only playing my friends and people I have already played, but new people and this really allows me to improve my skills. During the games, I am now able to include smashes in my attack shots but I think I still use more defensive shots than offensive shots. I tend to use push shots instead of using opportunities to smash or put spin on the ball. I still hope to improve this so that I can attack as much as I can since that is really the best way to gain a point.

Tuesday, April 19 and Wednesday, April 20

Yesterday, we started playing doubles table tennis. There are some rules in doubles that are quite different from singles. For instance, the lines that divide the table in half are now very important to the game. Also, each serve should start from the right side of the table and should go diagonally to the left side of the table on the opposite end. However, what stays the same is that each server will still have two serves, regardless of whether they miss or it goes to the other side, and then it is passed to the other team then to the first server’s partner, then to the opponent’s partner.

In doubles, each player must alternate hitting the ball. The video below shows the technique in which my partner, Subin, and I alternated hitting the ball.

Each player has to hit the ball once in a proper order. For example if me and Subin are partners and we play against two other people, Person 1 and Person 2, we need to make sure that everyone hits the ball. If I serve the ball, Person 1 must hit back, then Subin must hit, the Person 2 must hit, then I must hit and this pattern has to continue. Whether we gain or miss the point, I must serve again because I have two serves and when I have done both serves, the serve goes to Person 1. Each time my partner and I hit the ball, we need to make sure that we get out of each other’ way. As shown in the video above, when I hit the ball, I move to the left so that Subin can hit the ball freely, then Subin does the same so I can hit the ball and the pattern repeats on and on. This gives us more space to properly receive the ball instead of being squished next to each other on the end of the table.

After this, we started playing a double tournament. Double tournaments are fun because you now have someone to play with and help you receive the ball and stay active. It is also helpful because you can learn techniques from your double partner because they are on the same side as you.

New York City’s Coast

1.New York City is located in the Northeastern United States, in southeastern New York State, approximately halfway between Washington and Boston. Because it is located near the mouth of the Hudson River (which feeds into a naturally sheltered harbor and then into the Atlantic Ocean) the city has grown into a significant trading city over the years. New York is mainly built on Manhattan, Staten Island, and Long Island, making the population density high (because there are not much land).

2.The population of New York was 8,391,881 people as of July 1, 2009

3.The region was inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans at the time of its European discovery in 1524. European settlement began with the founding of a Dutch fur trading settlement (on the southern tip of Manhattan) in 1614.

By 1700, the Lenape population had diminished to 200. In 1702, the city lost 10% of its population to yellow fever. Over the years, New York grew in importance as a trading port while under British rule. Also, in the 19th~early 20th century, the city was transformed by immigration and development. Through Ellis Island, many immigrants came into New York, and as a result, the population gradually increased.

4.The coastline of New York was very useful when trading. As mentioned before, New York started out as a fur trading settlement. The reason why New York was able to become such a successful trading settlement is because it had a coastline.

Also, many immigrants came into New York by ship because there was a coastline. As mentioned before, these immigrants affected the population of New York greatly.

The coastline of New York had a immense effect on the history and population of the city.

5.  ports for shipping and trading- this causes New York’s economy to increase
transportation-
provides nutrients for marine life
-diversity of plants, animals, and insects which is crucial for the food chain

6. Coastal erosion results from beach-ocean interaction coupled with human activity. Wind, waves, and long shore currents are the driving forces behind coastal erosion.
Coastal erosion poses many problems to coastal communities when valuable property is lost to erosion. Additionally, human activity may worsen the process of coastal erosion through poor land use methods.

7.Continuous exposure to the elements can result in erosion of buildings.

Small natural disasters (such as floods). There are many small floods in New York.

Global warming: if the sea level rises it can flood the city

  • Flooding from upland runoff, high lake levels and storm-induced surge (temporary water level changes)
  • Erosion of coastal bluffs, banks, beaches and near shore lake beds
  • Damage to shoreline structures from storm waves

Coastal Geography Key Terms

Resource extraction: Locating, receiving, and selling any type of resource but mostly natural resources.

This is a picture of a pearl from Tahiti. This example shows resource extraction because the pearl comes from an oyster that is from the water and because pearls are resources, when the pearl is taken from the water, it is resource extraction.

Settlements: Cities, towns, or other places that humans have inhibited an area of.

The location of this picture is Podstrana, Croastia. This is an example of settlements because there are many buildings and houses near the coast. One can tell it is not industries because it has houses that would be too small for industries and this shows it is settlement.

Wildlife habitats- An area that water supply and vegetative habitat is available for wildlife.

This is an example wildlife habitats in Mauritius. This shows a habitat of fish in the water.

Industries: “The aggregate of manufacturing or technically productive enterprise in a particular field, often named after its principal product.”

This is an example of industries on the Gulf Coast of the US. This is an example of industries because in the back you can see smoke coming out of buildings and cranes. The cranes would be part of the shipping industry.

Tourism: The act of travelling for pleasure and the business that “founded upon this activity. ”

This is an example of tourism in Philippines because there are many people near the beach. The indicators that these people are actually tourists are that there are no visible buildings or homes near this area. Also, these people are in their swim suits which shows they are most likely not residents in this area.

Transportation: The act of transporting products or people from one place to another.

This is an example of transportation in Europe. This is because the cruise on the water is transporting people from one place to another.

*none of the photos here are mine

Narrative for India’s Partition

In 1947, India was able to end 200 year rule from British and become dependent however was split into two separate countries. The British had gained full power over India in the 18th and 19th century and denied jobs in addition to high positions in the army and government to Muslims and Hindus. The Indian National Congress led by Jawaharlal Nehru was created at end of 19th century and demanded equal opportunity and freedom from colonial rule. The British wanted Muslims as their allies since the Muslims previously ruled India and this frightened the British, so they created the idea that Muslims were a separate political entry.
By the beginning of the 1900s Muslims had separate electorates in local governments and this led to the idea of separateness of Muslims in India. In 1906, the few Muslim delegates in the Indian National Congress left and formed a group named Muslim League because Muslim leaders led by Mohammad Ali Jinnah thought that since Hindus were dominating the Indian National congress they were dictating decisions made in British India so they wanted their own state in order to protect their Islamic Heritage. In 1940, the All-India Muslim League stated their wish for a separate state. This caused the Hindus to feel uncomfortable about being a minority in a Muslim majority state and this broke down relations with these groups.
On August 14, 1947, Pakistan was created. At midnight on August 15, 1947 India won its freedom from colonial rule. The partition caused a lot of rioting all over India. An estimated half million people died in violence and millions became homeless. It is known as one of the largest displacements of people in the 20th century.

Sources

Source A- Primary, Muslim perspective

Source B- Primary, Muslim perspective

Source C- Secondary, Indian perspective

Source D- Secondary, Indian perspective

Source E- Secondary, British perspective

Source F- Secondary, Indian perspective
S

Source G-Primary, British perspective

Source H- Primary, Muslim/ Pakistan perspective

Section 1

Source A and B show the exact same event but different reactions. The message of these two sources is to show the diversity of the impact of the partition of India. In source A, a Muslim couple is with their grandchildren and is struggling to continue on with their trip to their recently created home. One can see that they are not very happy with the partition and are struggling to get to the other state. The old man is on the ground clearly looking worn-out and the children around him look exhausted as well. However, in source B, the exact opposite is shown. In this source, many people are excited to leave on a train to Pakistan. Contrary to the picture above, the people in this people are actually glad that they are moving to a new state. This shows exactly how diverse the partition was. Though it may have been a time to celebrate for some, it was definitely a hard and painful process for other people.

Source 2

Both source C and D are similar and agree with each other about the partition. These two sources show that there were a lot of consequences of the partition. In Source C, it mentions how the country was not only partitioned, but many provinces were split as well. This caused many lives to be taken away. Also, it was a weak point for women because they were abused and raped for some Muslims and Hindus to gain power over each other. Source D also mentions the brutality of the partition. It states how Calcutta was one of the areas used of Muslim and Hindu fighting and killings. In the state of Calcutta itself, in the span of three days, 5,000 people to be killed, 20,000 people to get injured and thousands more were left homeless. These two sources are similar because they agree that the partition had a lot of violence and killed and injured many all around India.